This is the current affairs of 7th & 8th May 2023. Here are 10 questions and answers of daily current affairs for better preparation of competitive exams for government jobs.
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1. In which year did the central government decide to include only women in the marching contingent, tableaux and cultural programs of the Republic Day parade?
Answer: c. 2024
– Only women will be included in the Republic Day parade to be held on January 26, 2024, on the duty path.
– Apart from the parade, only women will also be seen in the marching bands, banners, and cultural programs.
– The Ministry of Defence has informed other departments participating in the military forces and the parade by writing a letter.
– The Ministry has directed all participating ministries, departments, organizations, and agencies to begin preparations for this and to regularly update progress.
– The Indian Express has also stated that including women means that there will be maximum representation of women in the parade.
– However, in some marching contingents like the Army’s infantry, women cannot participate.
Nari Shakti was the theme in the 2023 parade
– India had kept ‘Women Power’ as the main theme in the tableau of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Tripura in the 74th Republic Day Parade held on 26 January 2023 this year.
– For the first time, 144 Sailors of a Naval Contingent was led by Lieutenant Commander Disha Amrit.
– 3 women and 6 men Agniveer were seen on the duty path for the first time.
Note – In 2015, for the first time in the country’s history, all-women contingents of all three services – Army, Air Force and Navy – marched between India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan.
History of women in republic day parade
– In 2015, for the first time in the country’s history, all-women contingents of all three services – the Army, the Air Force and the Navy – marched between India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan.
– In 2019, Captain Shikha Surbhi of the Army Daredevils team became the first woman officer to perform bike stunts.
– In 2020, Captain Tania Shergill became the first woman officer to lead a men’s contingent.
– In 2021, Flight Lieutenant Bhavna Kanth became the first woman fighter pilot to participate in the parade.
– For the first time in 2023, a contingent of 144 sailors was led by Lieutenant Commander Disha Amrit.
2. What is the deadline set by the Supreme Court to install CCTVs in Central Investigation Agencies and Police Stations?
a. June 18
b. July 18
c. 18 August
d. 18 September
Answer: b. July 18
– The Supreme Court has issued this order in May 2023 in light of transparency, security, and human rights.
– Actually, the Supreme Court had previously made such a decision in December 2020. After this, CCTV cameras were installed in the offices of many investigation agencies, but it was not implemented in many places.
– In this regard, during the hearing in May 2023, the bench led by Justice B.R. Gavai said how disappointing it was that many agencies did not take any steps to comply with the court’s orders.
Only 4 states and Union Territories have complied
– The order stated that only two Union Territories – Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Ladakh – along with the states of Mizoram and Goa have fully complied with the directions to establish CCTV cameras with budget allocations.
3. Which player from India secured the first position in the first leg of the Doha Diamond League 2023?
a. Neeraj Chopra
b. Shivpal Singh
c. Annu Rani
d. Davinder Singh Kang
Answer: a. Neeraj Chopra
– Neeraj Chopra remained at first place in men’s javelin throw competition with a throw of 88.67 meters.
– Jacob Vadljačka from the Czech Republic came in second place and Anderson Peters from Grenada came in third place.
– Last year (2022) in the Doha Diamond League, Anderson Peters had defeated Neeraj, so this time Neeraj became the winner and avenged his defeat.
– This league was held on May 6, 2023, in the capital of Qatar, Doha.
– This event in Doha is the first round of the Diamond League series.
– The Diamond League will conclude with the final in Eugene on September 16 and 17.
– Prime Minister – Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
– Currency – Qatari riyal
4. Which country named the cyclone formed in the Bay of Bengal as ‘Mocha’?
d. Sri Lanka
Answer: a. Yemen
– According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), cyclone ‘Mocha’ is expected to have a major impact on the states of West Bengal and Odisha through the sea.
– There is a possibility of heavy rain in both states.
Yemen suggests a name
– Yemen has suggested the name ‘Mocha’ for the cyclone!
– This name is inspired by the name of the Yemeni city of Mocha (or Mokha) located on the Red Sea coast.
How are storms in the Indian Ocean named?
– The Indian Ocean region has 13 countries that name cyclonic storms.
– These countries include India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Thailand, Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Yemen.
– These 13 countries have already prepared a list of names.
– As soon as the cyclonic storm reaches any part of these countries, a separate name from the list is given to this storm.
– This not only makes it easier to identify the cyclonic storm but also helps in relief efforts. No name is repeated.
– The system of naming storms is under the direction of the United Nations.
How do cyclones form?
– Cyclones form when an area of low pressure is created in the sea.
– The question arises as to what constitutes an area of low pressure in the sea and how it is created.
– Global warming is responsible for this.
– When the temperature of the sea rises or, in other words, when the sea begins to heat up, the air above it rises and the surrounding air rushes to fill the vacuum (creating an area of low pressure).
– Since the sea is very large, this process becomes significant in size.
– As the hot air rises and travels upwards, cooler air from surrounding areas rushes in, but as we go higher, the temperature decreases.
– The cooler air also wants to come down, creating a cyclone.
– The air moves at a very high speed.
– The ocean contributes significantly to the absorption of global warming or heat in the Earth.
– In a way, it can be said that the ocean tries to keep itself cool through cyclones.
Cyclones with different names are present in every region of the world:
– America – Hurricane / Tornado
– Caribbean Sea – Hurricane
– China Sea – Typhoon
– Indian Ocean – Tropical Cyclone
– Japan – Typhoon
– Northern Australia – Willy Willy
– Philippines – Baguio
– Capital – Sanaa
– PM – Ma’een Abdulmalik Saeed
– Yemen has been in a state of political crisis since 2011.
5. Which country’s women cricketer Shabnim Ismail announced her retirement from international cricket?
a. South Africa
Answer: a. South Africa
– Shabnim Ismail is a fast bowler from South Africa.
– He released an official statement on social media on 3 May 2023 to retire.
– Shabnim has taken more than 300 wickets in her entire career, she played her last match against Australia in the ICC Women’s T20 World Cup.
– The 34-year-old right-arm pacer is regarded as one of the fastest bowlers in women’s cricket.
– She is the second highest wicket-taker in ODIs for women.
6. In which state the ‘Dawki land port’ was inaugurated by Union Minister Nityanand Rai?
d. Tamil Nadu
Answer: c. Meghalaya
– Dawki Land Port is located in the West Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya.
– Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Nityanand Rai, inaugurated it on May 5, 2023.
– It has been developed to boost trade and commerce between India and Bangladesh.
– Dawki Land Port will work as an important trade and transportation center between the Indian and Bangladeshi border, providing the facility of voice communication for cross-border goods, people, and vehicles. It will also make cross-border travelers’ voice communication more convenient.
– The port has been built keeping in mind the needs of both countries and will provide various amenities such as warehouses, canteens, cargo for tourists, and an electric substation.
– Chief Minister: Conrad Sangma
– Capital: Shillong
7. When is World Laughter Day celebrated?
a. First sunday of may
b. Second sunday of may
c. Third sunday of may
d. Fourth sunday of may
Answer: a. First sunday of may
– In the year 2022, this day was organized on 7th May.
8. When is World Red Cross Day celebrated?
a. 7 May
b. 8 May
c. 9 May
d. 10 May
Answer: b. 8 May
Year 2023 Theme
– ‘Everything we do comes from the heart’
– This day is also celebrated as the anniversary of the birth of Jean Henri Dunant, the founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
– Henry Dunant was born on May 8, 1828, and he was also a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
9. When is the World Thalassemia Day observed?
a. 7 May
b. 8 May
c. 9 May
d. 10 May
Answer: b. 8 May
Year 2023 Theme:
– Be Aware. Share. Care: Strengthening Education to Bridge the Thalassaemia Care Gap
– Thalassemia is a genetic blood disease, in which blood is not formed properly within the patient. Because of this, the patient has to give blood repeatedly.
10. When is Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti celebrated?
a. 7 May
b. 8 May
c. 9 May
d. 10 May
Answer: a. 7 May
– Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 in a Bengali family.
– India’s national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ and Bangladesh’s national anthem ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ were written by Rabindranath Tagore.