This is the current affairs of 25th April 2023. Here are 10 questions and answers of daily current affairs for better preparation of competitive exams for government jobs.
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1. Name the rescue operation launched by the central government to rescue Indians trapped in the civil war in Sudan?
a. Operation ganga
b. Operation Yamuna
c. Operation Satluj
d. Operation Kaveri
Answer: d. Operation Kaveri
– There is a fight going on between the army and the paramilitary-rapid support force (RSF) in Sudan since April 15.
– Both sides are fighting for control.
– According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 413 people have died so far.
– One of them is an Indian.
– 3,551 people have been injured.
– The capital Khartoum has become the center of the war. Therefore, the airport here is also closed.
Many countries of the world are evacuating their citizens
– Several countries are running rescue operations to safely evacuate their citizens trapped in Sudan.
– India has named its rescue operation Operation Cauvery.
– So far, 9 countries, including the United States and Britain, have rescued their diplomats.
– Some countries, including the United States, have closed their embassies and airlifted their diplomats.
Two ways to rescue civilians under Operation Cauvery:
– The capital Khartoum is the center of the war and the airport here is closed. Therefore, it is difficult to evacuate people directly.
– The Indian Navy’s ship has reached Sudan. Attempts are being made to bring people from there.
– On the other hand, Air Force planes are at Jeddah Airport in Saudi Arabia.
– Saudi Arabia is also helping India to evacuate Indian citizens from Sudan.
Names of previous relief campaigns:
– Year 2022: ‘Operation Ganga’ after the Russian attack on Ukraine
– Year 2015: ‘Operation Rahat’ during the conflict in Yemen
– Year 2015: ‘Operation Maitri’ after the earthquake in Nepal
What did the Foreign Minister say?
– Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar said that the work of evacuating Indians stranded in Sudan has begun.
– Around 500 citizens have already been brought to Port Sudan.
– Some more citizens are expected to reach there.
– We have named it ‘Operation Kaveri’.
– Our ships and aircraft are ready to bring back Indians.
– We are fully prepared to help our citizens.
– Capital – Khartoum
– Currency – Sudanese Pound
What is happening in the civil war?
– The army staged a coup on October 25, 2021, in Sudan.
– Since then, the army has been running the country through the Universal Council.
– Its Chairman and the Chief of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), Lieutenant General Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, are Abdul Fatah Al-Burhan and Deputy Chairman.
– Both are now fighting, and the result is a civil war.
How did the paramilitary force become so strong?
– Actually, there was a rebellion in the western region of Darfur, Sudan in the 2000s.
– The army sought the help of the Janjaweed militia to deal with it.
– This militia eventually evolved into what is now known as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF).
– In 2013, it was officially renamed to RSF.
– Since the coup in 2021, military rule has been imposed in Sudan.
– After that, tension began between the army and the RSF.
– In 2013, there were six thousand fighters in the RSF, but according to news agency Reuters, the number has increased to over one lakh in 2023.
– The RSF is responsible for patrolling the border with Libya. They prevent Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees from going to Europe.
– In July 2019, when there was civil war in Libya, RSF fighters were present. In the 2016 Yemeni civil war, there were 40,000 fighters.
2. Which state has launched the ‘One Panchayat, One Playground’ scheme?
a. Uttar Pradesh
Answer: d. Kerala
– The inauguration of this scheme was done by the Chief Minister of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan, in Kallikkad.
– This scheme will eliminate the shortage of quality sports grounds in nearly 450 local bodies in Kerala.
– The sports grounds will be constructed in 3 years.
– For this, 113 panchayats have been selected in the first phase.
– CM – Pinarayi Vijayan
– Governor – Arif Mohammad Khan
– Capital – Thiruvananthapuram
3. When is National Panchayati Raj Day celebrated?
a. 21 April
b. 22 April
c. 23 April
d. 24 April
Answer: d. 24 April
– Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh declared the first National Panchayati Raj Day on April 24, 2010.
– This day is celebrated with the objective of decentralization of power.
4. National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on 24 April in memory of which constitutional amendment?
Answer: d. 73rd
– Every year in India, National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on April 24th.
– This day marks the enactment of the 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 to the Indian Constitution, which came into effect on April 24, 1993.
– At that time, the government in power was led by PV Narasimha Rao.
– However, the proposal for the constitutional amendment was prepared during the term of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
– Before this, Mahatma Gandhi had advocated for the rights of panchayats and village republics. He had said that panchayats should have more power.
– From April 24, 1993, the entire country adopted the Panchayati Raj system, which forced all states to hold panchayat elections.
– Central Panchayati Raj Minister – Giriraj Singh (he also has the Ministry of Rural Development).
5. When is the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace observed?
a. 20 April
b. 22 April
c. 24 April
d. 25 April
Answer: c. 24 April
– The first United Nations (UN) Day was celebrated on April 24, 2019.
– It is now celebrated every year.
– This day honors the use of diplomacy and peaceful conflict resolution among nations, as well as the acceptance of diplomacy.
– Secretary-General: António Guterres
– Founded: October 24, 1945
– Headquarters: New York, USA.
6. Who became the interim MD and CEO of Karnataka Bank?
a. Madhav Rao
b. Vijay Singh
c. Payal Patel
d. Shekhar Rao
Answer: d. Shekhar Rao
– This appointment will be for three months or until a regular MD and CEO are appointed, whichever is earlier, in April 2023.
– Shekhar Rao is the Executive Director in the Shekar Rao Bank.
– Established: February 18, 1924;
– Headquarters: Mangaluru (Karnataka)
7. Name the winner of Santokba Humanitarian Award 2023?
a. Sonam Wangchuk
b. Narendra Modi
c. Yogi Adityanath
d. Rajnath Singh
Answer: a. Sonam Wangchuk
– Sonam Wangchuk, an innovator, environmentalist, engineer, and educator, received this award on April 10, 2023.
– This award is given by Shri Ramkrishna Export (SRE) Diamond Crafting and Export Company and its philanthropic arm, Shri Ramkrishna Knowledge Foundation (SRKF).
– Along with the award, a cash prize of one crore rupees is also given.
Why is Sonam Wangchuk in the news?
– Sonam Wangchuk invented an artificial glacier to deal with the problem of water scarcity in Ladakh, so that people can easily access water when there is a shortage.
– This artificial glacier is called ‘Ice Stupa’, which means a mound of ice.
– Trees and pipes are used to make these glaciers.
– These glaciers are stored so that when there is a shortage of water in the summer, they can be melted to be used for farming and other purposes.
– Aamir Khan’s movie “3 Idiots” was inspired by Sonam Wangchuk’s life.
8. When is the World Book and Copyright Day observed?
a. 22 April
b. 23 April
c. 26 April
d. 28 April
Answer: b. 23 April
Theme for 2023:
– “Indigenous Languages” i.e. local languages.
– World Book Day is also known as World Book and Copyright Day.
9. When is World Intellectual Property Day celebrated?
a. 22 April
b. 24 April
c. 26 April
d. 28 April
Answer: c. 26 April
Theme of 2023
– Women and IP: Accelerating Innovation and Creativity
– Women and Intellectual Property: Accelerating Innovation and Creativity
World Intellectual Property Organization
– Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
– CEO: Daren Tang
– Established: July 14, 1967
10. In which state of India “Khongjom Day” is celebrated?
Answer: b. Manipur
– On this day, homage is paid to the warriors who fought in the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891.
– The Anglo-Manipur War was an armed conflict between the British government and the Manipur Kingdom.
– This war was fought between March 31 and April 27, 1891.
– The British emerged victorious in this war.
– The battle was fought on the Khongjom hills of Manipur.
– Therefore, it is known as Khongjom Day or the Khongjom War.