This is the current affairs of 10th May 2023. Here are 10 questions and answers of daily current affairs for better preparation of competitive exams for government jobs.
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1. During the ‘ASEAN-India Maritime Exercise’, which neighboring country deployed spy ships and Indian Navy had to shut down the tracking system?
Answer: b. China
– For the first time, a naval exercise between India and ASEAN was held from 2nd to 8th May at the Changi Naval Base in Singapore in the South China Sea.
– Indian Navy ships INS Satpura and INS Delhi participated in this maritime exercise.
– During this, China’s surveillance vessel, Shi Yang Hong 10, which is used for monitoring, entered the area around them.
– In addition to the surveillance vessel, 8 ships of China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy were present with it.
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)
– Members: Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, and Philippines
Headquarters: Jakarta (Indonesia)
Why China was monitoring
– It is believed that China wanted to disturb the military drill during its maritime exercises.
– During the military drill, China entered Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone.
– It was only 80 kilometers away from Indian and other countries’ warships, but the ships did not do anything.
Indian ship turned off tracking system
– When the Chinese surveillance ship approached the area of the military drill, Indian and ASEAN countries’ ships turned off their Automatic Identification System (AIS) so that they could not be detected.
– Actually, AIS is a tracking system that provides information about other ships in the vicinity.
– It reflects other vessels on the screen of the ship.
– According to sources in the Indian Navy, the Chinese ship did not come closer to the military drill.
– Therefore, no alert was issued. However, its activities in the area are being monitored.
China monitoring in the Indian Ocean
– In November 2022, China sent a spy ship to track the Agni missile.
– Foreign ships, including warships, can pass through the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) with permission.
– However, Indian law prohibits foreign ships from conducting military activities without permission.
– The Chinese ship was reportedly outside the Indian EEZ but was monitoring the missile test.
Why is China invading the Indian Ocean?
– China wants to keep an eye on India’s missiles.
– China is trying to establish its dominance in the Indian Ocean with the help of its strategic ships.
2. In which neighboring country violence broke out after the arrest of former PM Imran Khan and people attacked the army headquarters?
Answer: c. Pakistan
– Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan has been arrested by the paramilitary force ‘Rangers’ on May 9, 2023.
– He was sitting in a room in the high court at that time. Rangers broke the room’s glass and entered to capture him.
– Rangers took him away by force and pushed him into a vehicle.
– Imran’s party, PTI, said that Imran Khan has been kidnapped.
– While the Pakistani government says that Imran Khan has been arrested in the Al-Kadir University scam case.
– After this, violence erupted in most parts of Pakistan. People attacked the army headquarters in Rawalpindi.
– Supporters of PTI set fire to the house of a military commander in Lahore late at night. Several other military officers’ houses were also attacked.
– The Governor’s House in Lahore was burnt down.
The internet has been shut down across the country.
It is clear that such instability is dangerous when the country is struggling with an economic crisis.
Why was the arrest made?
– According to the Islamabad police, former Prime Minister Imran Khan was arrested by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) in the Al-Qadir Trust case.
– NAB is an independent and constitutional organization in the country for the apprehension and prosecution of corruption and economic crimes.
Arrest was already suspected
– Actually, when Imran Khan was leaving for court in the morning, he issued a statement saying that attempts were being made to arrest him in one or the other case. There has been an attempt to find out.
– He was ousted from power in April 2022. Since then, he has been continuously demanding for elections.
– There was a conflict going on with the army.
– The army was targeting Imran Khan, he kept talking about the army, so now he has also been arrested. – He said the army wanted to kill him.
– After this, the arrest was seen.
– There are 108 cases registered against Imran Khan. – These include cases of anonymous foreign funding for the party, toshakhana case (keeping money obtained from gifts given by foreign guests for sale) and other cases.
Pakistan is in a state of lawlessness.
– Here, the military is the one who actually runs things.
– When Imran was ousted from power, he also said that it was the military who did it.
– PM – Shahbaz Sharif
– President – Arif Alvi
– Capital – Islamabad
3. In which neighboring country, the Supreme Court cleared a bill to decriminalize homosexuality?
d. Sri Lanka
Answer: d. Sri Lanka
Supreme Court decision of Sri Lanka:
– In fact, under current laws in Sri Lanka, homosexuality is a crime.
– It is punishable by imprisonment and fines.
– However, LGBTQ activists had been campaigning for change for a long time.
– The government had introduced a bill in response to the demands of the LGBTQ community.
– But the matter reached the Supreme Court.
– In May 2023, the Supreme Court ruled that the proposed law is not unconstitutional.
– However, the bill still needs to be passed in – Parliament before it becomes law and homosexuality is decriminalized.
– LGBTQ: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer
Homosexuality in India:
– In India, homosexuality has already been decriminalized by a Supreme Court decision.
– The Supreme Court is currently hearing a case on the issue of same-sex marriage.
4. Name the winner of Pulitzer Prize 2023 in International Reporting Category?
a. Associated Press staff
b. Los Angeles Times staff
c. द न्यूयॉर्क टाइम्स के कर्मचारी
d. None of these
Answer: c. Staff of The New York Times
– Why awarded: For reporting on the war crimes related to Ukrainian deaths and killings in the city of Bucha during Russia’s invasion on Ukraine.
5. Name the winner of Pulitzer Prize 2023 in Public Service Category?
a. Associated Press staff
b. Los Angeles Times staff
c. Staff of The New York Times
d. None of these
Answer: a. Associated Press staff
– Why awarded: For courageous reporting in war-torn Mariupol, Ukraine.
6. Pulitzer Prize 2023: Journalism List
– In the Public Service category: Associated Press for the work of Mastislav Chernov, Yevgeniy Maloletka, Vasilisa Stepanenko, and Lori Hinnant
– Why awarded: For courageous reporting in war-torn Mariupol, Ukraine
– In the Breaking News Reporting category: Employees of Los Angeles Times
– Why awarded: For revealing a secret recording of a conversation between city officials, which included racist comments
– In the Investigative Reporting category: Employees of The Wall Street Journal
– Why awarded: For rapid and accountable reporting on financial conflicts of interest among officials from over 50 federal agencies
– In the International Reporting category: Employees of The New York Times
– Why they received it: For reporting on war crimes related to Ukrainian deaths and killings in Bucha during Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
– Explanatory Reporting: Caitlin Dickerson of The Atlantic
– Local Reporting: Anna Wolfe of Mississippi Today, Ridgeland, Miss.
– National Reporting: Carol Leonnig of The Washington Post
– Feature Writing: Eli Saslow of The Washington Post
Commentary: Kyle Whitmire of AL.com, Birmingham
– Criticism: Andrea Long Chu of The New York Times
– Editorial Writing: Nancy Ancrum, Amy Driscoll, Luisa Yanez, Isadora Rangel, and Lauren Costantino of the Miami Herald
– Illustrated Reporting and Commentary: Mona Chalabi, Contributor, The New York Times
– Breaking News Photography: The Associated Press Photography Staff
– Feature Photography: Christina House of the Los Angeles Times
– Audio Reporting: Employees of Gimlet Media, specifically Connie Walker.
Pulitzer Prize 2023: List of Books, Plays, and Music
– Fiction: “The Demon Coppehead” by Barbara Kingsolver (Harper) and “Trust” by Hernan Diaz (Riverhead Books)
– Drama: Sanaz Toossi for “English”
– History: Jefferson Cowie (Basic Books) for “Freedom – Dominion: A Saga of White Resistance to Federal Power”
– Biography: “J. Edgar: J. Edgar Hoover and the Making of the American Century” by Beverly Gage (Viking)
– Memoir or Autobiography: “See True” by Hua Hsu (DoubleDay)
– Poetry: “Den of War: And Selected Poems, 2007-2020” by Carl Phillips (Farrar, Straus and Giroux)
– General Nonfiction: “His Name is George Floyd: One Man’s Life and the Struggle for Racial Justice” by Robert Samuels and Toluse Olorunnipa (Viking)
– Music: “Umar” by Rhiannon Giddens and Michael Abels.
7. Name the winner of Miami Grand Prix 2023?
a. Max Verstappen
b. Sergio Perez
c. Carlos Sainz
d. Charles Lecarec
Answer: a. Max Verstappen
– They are Red Bull drivers.
– Miami Grand Prix is a Formula One car race.
– Max Verstappen won the Miami Grand Prix 2023 by defeating Sergio Perez.
Some other Formula One races:
– Bahrain Grand Prix 2023: Max Verstappen
– Saudi Arabian Grand Prix 2023: Sergio Perez
– Azerbaijan Grand Prix 2023: Sergio Perez
8. Which player holds the record for the fastest 5000 runs in ODI cricket?
a. Hashim Amla
b. Babar Azam
c. Virat Kohli
d. David Warner
Answer: b. Babar Azam
– Babar Azam is a cricket player from Pakistan today.
On May 05, 2023, he made the record for the fastest 5000 runs in the fourth One Day International against New Zealand.
– He broke the record of South African veteran player Hashim Amla. Now, Hashim Amla is at the second position.
– Babar Azam has achieved the milestone of scoring 5,000 runs in just 97 innings and he became the 14th player in the world to achieve this feat.
9. When is International Argania Day celebrated?
a. 10 May
b. 11 May
c. 12 May
d. 13 May
Answer: a. 10 May
– The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared this day in the year 2021.
– This day is observed to raise awareness about the environmental significance of the argan tree.
About the argan tree:
– The argan tree (Argania spinosa) is a species native to the semi-arid regions of Morocco.
– It is a North African country that is located on the border between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
– The tree grows in dry and semi-dry areas.
– Rare oils such as argan oil are produced from the seeds of this tree.
10. According to the United Nations, on an average how many people are being sentenced to death every week by Iran which is the highest in the world?
Answer: d. 10
– United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Turk, said on May 9, 2023, that Iran has killed people in a “horrific” manner this year, which is more than ten per week on average.
– From January 1 to May 8, 2023, Iran has killed at least 209 people mainly for drug-related crimes.
– However, a United Nations statement said that the actual number is likely much higher.
– Iran is giving the highest number of death penalties in the world.
– The Iranian government is eliminating its opponents by imposing the death penalty.