This is the current affairs of 1st July 2023. Here are 10 questions and answers of daily current affairs for better preparation of competitive exams for government jobs.
1. In France, due to what reason riots broke out against the police in June 2023 and there was a war-like situation in the streets?
a. Pension Demand
b. Reason for shooting a minor
c. Women Harassment
d. None of These
Answer: b. Reason for shooting a minor
– In France, a minor boy violated traffic rules on June 27, 2023.
– The police fired shots when he refused to stop for a traffic check. He died as a result, and it is being said that the police shot him at close range.
– Following this, over 6,000 people participated in protests in Nantes at the urging of Nahel’s mother.
People in France became angry, and violence erupted in various places.
– BBC correspondent Sofia Betz from the capital Paris says, “The condition of the streets in the city has become like a battlefield.”
– A curfew has been imposed outside Paris, and tram and bus services have been suspended in the city at night.
– There were also clashes between protesters and the police in the northern city of Lille.
– People gathered in Rennes to pay tribute to the young man who was also killed.
– The police officer who fired the shot has been arrested, and a case of intentional homicide has been filed against him.
– French President Emmanuel Macron has called this shootout “unacceptable.” Speaking to the media, he said, “Nothing can justify the death of a young person.”
– However, the police union claims that the President is forming an opinion too quickly against the police officers.
– Meanwhile, Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin has said that they will take action against the “French police” because they attempted to justify the murder of the teenager.
The government does not want a situation like 2005 to occur again.
– It seems that the police unions are unhappy with the President’s statement immediately after the incident.
– In November 2005, after the death of two young men in a similar incident, violence and riots continued for weeks. This incident will surely be on the administration’s mind.
– At present, the government’s primary concern is to prevent a recurrence of the situation that occurred in 2005.
– Capital: Paris
– President: Emmanuel Macron
– Prime Minister: Elizabeth Born
– Currency: Euro
2. Which country is ranked first in the Energy Transition Index 2023 of the World Economic Forum (WEF)?
Answer: b. Sweden
– The World Economic Forum has released the Energy Transition Index 2023.
– Energy transition refers to the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources.
– This index covers 120 countries, with Sweden ranking first.
– The World Economic Forum (WEF) published this list on June 28 in collaboration with Exchanger.
– The report states that global energy transition has slowed down amidst the global energy crisis and geopolitical instability.
– It means that the pace of improvement in energy transition has slowed down.
– Stockholm is the capital of Sweden.
Top five countries in the Energy Transition Index:
3. In the Energy Transition Index 2023, what is India’s ranking?
Answer: d. 67
– In the Energy Transition Index 2023, India ranks 67th.
– The World Economic Forum has stated that India is the only major economy that has made significant progress in the just, secure, and sustainable dimensions of energy transition.
– India’s primary contribution to improving performance has been the transition to renewable energy.
– India has also been relatively less affected by the recent energy crisis.
– The reduced reliance on natural gas in electricity generation and the increasing utilization of existing production capacities are contributing factors.
World Economic Forum:
– Chairman: Borge Brende
– Headquarters: Switzerland
4. When is International Parliamentarism Day observed?
a. 01 July
b. 30 June
c. 28 June
d. 27 June
Answer: b. 30 June
Theme of 2023:
– Parliament for the Planet
– This day is proclaimed by the United Nations.
– Every year, on June 30th, International Day of Parliamentarism is observed, dedicated to the establishment of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
– The establishment of the IPU was aimed at promoting democratic governance, enhancing accountability, and fostering cooperation among national parliaments.
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU):
– Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
– Established: 1889
– President: Duarte Pacheco
– Secretary-General: Martin Chungong
5. When is National Doctor’s Day celebrated?
a. 01 July
b. 30 June
c. 28 June
d. 27 June
Answer: a. 01 July
– This day is celebrated in honor of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the second Chief Minister of West Bengal.
– He was born on July 1, 1882, in Bihar, and he also passed away on this day in July 1962.
– Dr. Bidhan Roy served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal for 14 years.
– He made significant contributions in the field of medicine.
– He is also referred to as the architect of Bengal for his visionary leadership.
– He was conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in the year 1961.
– National Doctor’s Day in India was initiated in the year 1991.
6. When is National Chartered Accountants Day celebrated?
a. 30 June
b. 2 July
c. 1 July
d. 3 July
Answer: c. 1 July
– This day is celebrated as the establishment day of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
– ICAI was established under an Act passed in the Parliament on July 1, 1949.
– This day is also known as National CA Day.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)
– Headquarters: New Delhi
7. When is World UFO Day celebrated?
a. 2 July
b. 1 July
c. 24 June
d. 29 June
Answer: a. 2 July
– In the United States, this day is also celebrated on June 24 by some organizations.
– UFO (Unidentified Flying Object) is also known as a flying saucer.
– World UFO Day has been celebrated since 2001 amidst the debate about the existence of UFOs.
– Its purpose is to promote public discourse and research on the presence of UFOs and aliens worldwide.
– Anything seen in the sky that is not man-made and does not adhere to any natural theory is generally referred to as a UFO.
– In 1953, the United States Air Force named them UFOs to keep records and later review them. They were also commonly referred to as flying discs in the 1940s and 1950s.
– Area 51 is a highly secretive location in the United States.
– Until a few years ago, the United States denied the existence of such a place.
– However, in 2013, the United States made certain documents public and acknowledged that Area 51 is a special testing area where testing is conducted on things like UFOs.
8. Which Indian player won the Lausanne Diamond League 2023?
a. Neeraj Chopra
b. Julian Weber
c. Roshan Verma
d. Alakh Singh
Answer: a. Neeraj Chopra
– Olympic gold medalist Neeraj Chopra secured the first position in the Lausanne Diamond League 2023.
– He achieved the top spot with a best javelin throw of 87.66 meters.
Neeraj stays on top even in difficult times:
– On May 5, 2023, Neeraj won the gold with a throw of 88.67 meters at the Doha Diamond League.
– After that, he experienced muscle strain.
Due to this, he had to withdraw from the Fanie – Blankers-Koen Games on June 4 and the Paavo Nurmi Games on June 13.
– However, on June 29, Neeraj Chopra participated in the Lausanne Diamond League 2023 and emerged victorious.
The second gold of the year:
– This is Neeraj’s second gold in 2023.
He also won a gold medal at the Doha Diamond League.
– Moreover, this is his 8th international gold. Prior to this, he had won gold in tournaments such as the Asian Games, South Asian Games, Olympic Games, and Diamond League.
– Note: Lausanne is a city in Switzerland.
9. How much interest has the central government increased on small savings schemes for the July-September 2023 quarter?
a. 20 basis points
b. 25 basis points
c. 30 basis points
d. 35 basis points
Answer: c. 30 basis points
– Basis point meaning: There are 100 basis points in one percent. So, 30 basis points mean 0.3 percent.
– The central government made this decision on June 30, 2023.
– The Ministry of Finance announced on June 30 that the interest rates for small savings schemes for the July-September quarter will now range from 4 percent to 8.2 percent. This is the fourth time in the last 12 months that the central government has increased the interest rates on small savings schemes.
– The interest rate on five-year recurring deposits has been increased by 0.3 percent.
No changes in the interest rates of these schemes:
– There have been no changes in the interest rates of schemes such as the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme, – National Savings Certificate, Kisan Vikas Patra, and Sukanya Samriddhi Account Scheme.
10. Which country’s team won the Asian Kabaddi Championship 2023?
Answer: d. India
– This championship was held in the city of Busan, Republic of Korea, in June 2023.
– The Indian team defeated Iran with a score of 42-32 to claim victory.
– This was India’s eighth championship title in the previous nine editions.
– Pawan Sehrawat is the captain of the Indian team.
– Six teams participated in the Asian Kabaddi Championship – India, Iran, Japan, Korea, Chinese Taipei, and Hong Kong.